The East Riding of Yorkshire is known as East Yorkshire. It has unitary authority status, is a local government district and a English ceremonial county. It got its name form a riding that went along the North Riding and West Riding called East Riding of Yorkshire. In 1974 to 1996 the East Riding of Yourshire area constitued the non-metropolitan county of Humberside's norther part.
The Yorkshire Wolds and a cresent of low chalk hills makes up the towns landscape that surrounds the Holderness and the Vale of York's low lying fertile plains. The towns southern and eastern limits mark the Humber Estuary and North Sea. There have been artefacts and stucture uncovered by archaeologist that cover all historical periods since the ice age. There are no industrial centers but there are some large settlements. The largest religous following in the area is Christianity, there are a large population of retired people in the town.
Agriculture is the basis for the economy and tourism is a major factor as well. They have both added to the the seaside and rural character the Riding has. Visitors enjoy going to the major landmarks such as the nature reserves, historic buildings and the long distance foot path, the Wolds Way. The county has been given fairly high targets for the generation of energy form renewable sources because of its lack of urban development and open maritime aspects.
The Wolds area has an elevated rolling plateau that is cut by several deep valleys that formed glaciers. Good drainage is provided by the chalk formation of the hills and because of these the majority of these valleys are dry. The Worlds has a low amount of surface water. The Wolds go up at the Flamborough Head and there are caves worn by water. The Flamborough Head has coastal erosion around it that has caused the Humber Coastguard to war visitors to be very careful on its coastal paths.
The coastline of the Holderness has the fasted rate of erosion of its coast in all of Europe. Over the last 2,000 years the coastline has moved back and many settlements are now flooded including the Ravenser Odd and Ravenspurn, a major 14th Century port. Erosion continues to be an on going problem in the area.
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