Located to the south east of England and directly facing France, it is said that with a powerful telescope a person can see the coastline of France. A small town, Dover has throughout the ages played an integral part in the history of the whole of Britain and the reason for this is very simple: by virtue of its close proximity to the sea this has meant that it has always enjoyed a strong strategic value to armies both national defenders and foreign attackers.
One landmark that is synomonous with Dover are the White Cliffs of Dover, which are themselves the chalk cliffs facing the sea. Featured in a variety of different films and referenced in a number of different songs, the Cliffs are a mesmerizing and awe-inspiring scenic backdrop and are a firm favorite for picnickers.
If the White Cliffs of Dover are the gateway to England, then Dover Castle is definitely the Key to the kingdom and the castle has been the site of a great deal of conflict and attacks during the ages, and for the most part, serving to repel them quite proficiently. The first serious attack on the castle took place at the very beginning of the 13th century when a group of dissatisfied English nobility sought to overthrow the king by influencing the King of France at that (King Louis VIII) to try and claim the castle as his own.
The plan was that if Louis was successful in capturing this most important symbol the morale of the English army would be broken and so their resolve to retaliate broken. Despite his best efforts, the French invaders were ultimately repelled in a brutal war of attrition.
Dover Castle also played an integral role during the course of the Second World War when it was converted into a makeshift command centre and hospital designed to service intelligence agents and British High Command.
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